Our group recently completed a large National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) funded randomized trial of an after school intervention for middle school age students with ADHD. This study involved over 300 middle school students who received the Challenging Horizons Program (CHP) intervention for one full school year. The students learned organization and time-management skills, note-taking and study skills, and also how to better manage their peer relationships. If you are interested in learning about this study you can read the manuscript that reports on the study outcomes and/or the manuscript on the factors that predicted which students did best with the intervention.
In this study we learned that organization, time-management, and planning skills and the ability to focus and complete work efficiently were critical to adolescent school success. For this reason, we developed and are now evaluating two interventions that focus entirely on teaching middle school students with ADHD these skills. This Institute of Education Sciences (IES) funded study is a randomized controlled trial including over 250 middle school students assigned to receive the Homework, Organization, and Planning Skills (HOPS) intervention or the Completing Homework by Improving Efficiency and Focus (CHIEF) intervention. Both of these interventions are delivered during the school day by school counselors or school psychologists. Students are pulled from elective classes two times per week for 20 minutes each time to receive the interventions. The entire family, including parents/guardians, also attends two meetings during the intervention period. This study is not yet finished, but you may read journal articles about its development and pilot study below. If you would like to try implementing the HOPS intervention in your school or with your family, the manuals have been published. More information on how to order the manuals can be found in the Resources section of this site.
Development of the HOPS intervention:
Langberg, J. M., Vaughn, A. J., Williamson, P., Epstein, J. N., Girio-Herrera, E., & Becker, S. P. (2011). Refinement of an organizational skills intervention for adolescents with ADHD for implementation by school mental health providers. School Mental Health, 3(3). 143-155.
HOPS pilot study:
Langberg, J. M., Epstein, J. N., Becker, S. P., Girio-Herrera, E., & Vaughn, A. J. (2012). Evaluation of the Homework, Organization, and Planning Skills (HOPS) intervention for middle school students with ADHD as implemented by school mental health providers. School Psychology Review, 41(3), 342–364.
Langberg, J. M., Becker, S. P., Epstein, J. N., Vaughn, A. J., Girio-Herrera, E. (2013). Predictors of response and mechanisms of change in an organizational skills intervention for students with ADHD. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22(7), 1000-1012.